Water conservation is obviously reducing total water waste by measuring how much water is used or wasted and the quantity delivered or used. Water conservation differs from water efficiency in that it emphasizes limiting waste, rather than restricting use. It follows that if more is conserved, less is used, and if less is used, more will be saved.
water stresses increase
One of the most significant drivers behind water wastage is population growth and rising affluence. As the number of people living in urban areas increases, water stresses increase, especially since more people require more resources to live. Water wastage becomes a growing problem. The volume of water utilized every year is increasing. By one estimate, between one and two billion people globally use more than their fair share of water every year.
high population densities
The primary drivers behind water wastage are high population densities, short showers, and improper use of containers and water systems. According to the World Water Council, every time someone in the United States wastes one gallon of water, three to ten gallons are wasted through toilet waste, water heaters, and domestic washing. And in the bathroom, about seven gallons are lost through evaporation and precipitation. And, while it’s possible to reduce water usage by installing a variety of clever practices, like low-flow shower toilets and high-efficiency toilets, there is no way to reduce water consumption by 100%.
damages our environment
Water conservation is also tied to the protection of natural resources. Water use and water wastage mean damaging our environment. Water pollution results in global warming, environmental degradation, and depletion of natural resources, such as air, land, and water; it also contributes to the overall deterioration of the economy because of the cost of dealing with pollution, including the cost of treating the polluted water, and the loss of productivity from people who are permanently discouraged from using water or doing work that requires water.
reduce food waste
Water conservation and efficiency mean reducing the volume of water wastage. Reducing the volume of water wastage also reduces the volume of plastic bottles being thrown away every day. And by improving processes that involve water use, we are also taking steps to reduce food waste. Together, these two programs can help reduce food waste and help protect our food supply.