Types of Health Care Providers

promoting and maintaining a healthy environment

Health care is the care or management of health through the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, healing, or rehabilitation of illness, disease, injury, or other physical and psychological impairments in humans. Health care providers deliver health care services in the community and to persons in hospitals, private homes, assisted living communities, hospice, and long-term care facilities. Health-care services may be primary care (covering the greatest needs), specialty care (taking care of difficult-to-treat conditions), managed care (buying tools to help individuals to manage illness and injury), and public health (promoting and maintaining a healthy environment). Health-care providers are also associated with the management of patients’ information and their treatment.

The first level of health care delivery involves general medicine. Doctors evaluate and treat patients’ symptoms and conditions. They develop a treatment plan, conduct tests, prescribe medicines, and perform surgery or provide therapy. They make important decisions about patient care such as what procedures to use and how to deliver the procedure. Physicians also work closely with other health care professionals, such as nurses, specialists, and laboratory workers, to provide the best care possible for the patient.

The next level of health care delivery is nursing care

Nurses provide a variety of tasks and provide medical care for both adults and children. Some nurses specialize in working with specific groups of patients, while others work with a wide variety of patients. Regardless, of specialty, nursing care provides hands-on, direct care for the patient. Some nurses perform task-based nursing care; others instruct patients in self-care, problem-solving, and hygiene practices. Finally, some nurses specialize in performing life support functions, such as administering medications or conducting CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) on the injured or ill.

While all healthcare professionals are needed, specialists provide the most critical care for their patients. The two-word version of medical care refers to specialized medical care that requires more specialized training. Examples include surgery, which requires a specialist to obtain an advanced degree in surgery; cardiology, which requires at least a bachelor’s degree; or pediatric, which requires at least a master’s degree. These healthcare professionals can perform many of the same duties that physicians do, but their level of expertise makes them specialists.

variety of medical specialties

Hospitalists, also called hospital nurses or licensed practical nurses, provide a full range of medical care services in a hospital. They often act as medical assistants, giving patients the assistance they need in many everyday activities including taking vital signs, writing prescriptions, recording vital signs, and assisting patients with activities of daily living. Hospitalists also evaluate patients and create a treatment plan for the entire hospital staff. Some hospitalists specialize in one area of medicine, while others perform a full range of duties in a variety of medical specialties.

A specialty hospital is designed to treat a specific illness or condition. Some examples of such specialty hospitals include adult or geriatric nursing homes, cancer hospitals, and rehabilitation centers. These facilities offer a range of specialties, depending on the illness or condition for which the hospital is established. These specialized facilities offer some of the highest levels of care for their patients. Many doctors, nurses, and therapists work at these specialty hospitals. Most of these facilities offer comprehensive health care services to patients who have an average medical history and who have been insured by Medicare, Medicaid, private insurance, or a supplemental agency.

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