acute gastroesophageal reflux disease
Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) is a condition which develops when a backwards flow of stomach contents into the esophagus occurs. It may present itself as acute gastroesophageal reflux disease or chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease. The main symptom of GERD is heartburn, a burning sensation in the oesophagus to warm, sugary, salty, or spicy food eaten. In addition, it may be accompanied by throat inflammation, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, belching, nausea, vomiting and burping. GERD is the leading cause of digestive disorders in the United States.
The most common factor among all the digestive disorders is the malfunctioning or absence of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) or gastroesophageal reflux disease. The LES is a ring muscle which helps to keep the contents of the stomach in its proper place. If at any point the LES becomes weak or fails to function properly, gastric contents can escape back into the oesophagus and cause painful ulcers, inflammation and erosion of the lining of the oesophagus, called oesophagitis or bleeding of the oesophagus (oebastitis). Acid from the stomach splashes into the upper oesophagus causing erosion of the lining and is thus referred to as oesophagitis or oebaplasty.
GERD include hoarseness
There are many different types of symptoms that may indicate the presence of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Common symptoms include heartburn, regurgitation and nausea. However, in some cases, symptoms may also include excessive swallowing, vomiting and excessive drooling. Other symptoms which may occur due to GERD include hoarseness, sore throat, pain when swallowing, throat inflammation and fever.
A series of tests including barium swallow, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) scans can be used to diagnose GERD. Once diagnosed, patients can choose from various treatment options which range from conventional treatments to more invasive procedures such as gastroesophageal reflux disease surgery. In the most common form of treatment for GERD, the LES relaxation and manipulation is performed by a gastroesophageal reflux surgeon. A surgery known as gastroesophageal reflux disease surgery or proton pump inhibitors is the last resort option for severe cases. However, both surgical and non surgical procedures have become less risky in an effort to reduce the occurrence of complications.
Abnormalities in the gastroesophageal reflux system
It can result in the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia. Hiatal hernia occurs when the inner lining of the stomach, the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), is displaced forward through the opening at the diaphragm. The resulting change in the center of gravity of the stomach can increase the rate of food movement through the stomach. As a result of GERD, the incidence of hiatal hernia is higher among patients with a weak LES or a history of hiatal hernia. As more people suffer from GERD, the occurrence of hiatal hernia is expected to rise over the next few years.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease can cause a number of symptoms. Some of these are difficulty swallowing, heartburn, burping and belching, difficulty breathing and hoarseness. Patients may also experience nausea, vomiting, sore throat, dizziness, sore ankle and itching in the ears. To prevent further complications, patients are advised to observe a proper diet and live a healthy lifestyle. These tips are designed to help patients improve their condition and prevent the development of GERD or acid reflux disorder.